Development process of scooters

January 05, 2022 4 min read

Do you know the development history of electric scooters, the most popular short-distance transportation tool nowadays?

The concept of the scooter can be traced back to at least a century before 1817, Baron Karl Von Drais De Sauerbrun of Germany. After his first appearance in his early two-wheeled human riding, the speed bike concept was quickly stripped out and turned into a bicycle, a tricycle, and a kick scooter. According to Encyclopedia Britannica, about a few decades later, traffic also began to be motorized. Around the 1840s, a rear-pedal drive appeared in Scotland. By the turn of the 19th century, battery-powered machines began to join in-Ogden Bolton Jr. (Ogden Bolton Jr.). In 1895, he received a U.S. patent for his battery-powered bicycle.

In 1896, the British bicycle manufacturer Humber exhibited the first electric tandem bicycle at the Stanley Bike Show (recently replaced by the Olympia Motorcycle Show and still exists today). On May 22, 1897, the tandem reached a speed of 60 km/h. Since nickel-cadmium batteries were not invented until 1899, Humber tikeemike was powered by lead-acid batteries, which were very bulky. Although the prototypes of electric bicycles seemed a bit fun from a modern point of view, between 1890 and 1910, people seriously considered them as a viable option. Unlike modern electric scooters, electric scooters have no competition among gasoline vehicles. For example, the first non-electric motorcycle available for purchase was launched in Germany in 1894 by Hildebrand and Wolfmüller. The top speed is 40 km/h. Due to the high price and technical difficulty, the bicycle eventually fell into financial chaos.


Later, during 1915, a New York factory launched the world's first scooter Eveready Autoped, priced at $100. Production was discontinued in 1921 due to insufficient sales.

The drive system of Eveready Autoped is a four-stroke air-cooled engine installed on the front wheel, with a top speed of 40 kilometres per hour. When driving, the owner needs to stand on a platform supported by 10-inch tires and operate through the handlebars on the steering column. When not in use, it can be folded to reduce space. In that era, the non-human driven Eveready Autoped was an advanced product. Of course, it is also one of the most significant transportation equipment in history. As a result, the Eveready Autoped scooter has an extraordinary collection value as an early transportation tool.



Autoped is the first mass-produced electric scooter in the United States. It is "actually an enlarged children's scooter with an engine installed on the front wheel." Although some reports claim that it can reach a speed of 35 miles per hour. The column operates the clutch and brakes, and the museum points out that when it pushes 20 miles per hour, this makes the ride "unstable." Later, Everady Battery Company purchased a battery-powered version of Autoped. In the next 15 years, no significant innovations have been made in the Ebikes field. One of the main reasons was the introduction of Autoped gas in 1916. The electric scooter is a very competent model, and it was not mass-produced in the United States and Germany until 1922. He was also the first scooter with folding handlebars. In addition, in 1919, ABC motorcycles joined the race and launched Skootamota, which eventually became more widely adopted than Autoped. Skootamota is a scooter but also a chair for riding with a bench.

In 1941, Maurice invented, developed and started to manufacture his electric scooters to solve the problems related to gasoline rationing during the German occupation.

Not only could it run out of gas scooters, but it was also very light, which aroused the interest of the German army. Socovel successfully produced and sold more than 400 units in the first year, despite the high prices. SOCOVEL continued to grow and sell electric scooters until 1945.


During World War II, the U.S. population also experienced a gasoline shortage, leading Mel Williams of Long Beach, California to develop his electric scooter with a one-wheel trailer. The initially small project quickly became Merle's primary occupation. After successfully manufacturing and selling its electric scooters in the United States during World War II, Merle decided to cooperate with another local business owner and start the Marketeer company. Now known as ParCar Corp, the company is still developing and manufacturing electric cars.

Nowadays, adult electric scooters are an ideal short-distance transportation tool, which is convenient for business or professional men and women to travel to and from business locations; allow women to shop or call; let doctors call or answer emergency calls every day; allow older children to go out or quickly Go to school; for servants when they are assigned to perform errands; for fast delivery by grocers, pharmacists, and other merchants; for visits by commercial sales clerks; for employees to ride to and from get off work; for collectors, repairers, messengers, and other Used by other people who want to save money, time and energy when travelling on business. Everyone will enjoy its comfort and pleasure. In addition to being used as a means of transportation, more and more young people now regard it as an extreme challenge sport, and it can be used as Off-Road Scooters